D-Glucose Furanose Molecule Structure

SKU: 68799W

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Glucose, chemical formula C6H12O6, is the single most important carbohydrate & is produced in plants from carbon dioxide and water using sunlight as the energy source. It is the basic subunit of polysaccharides such as cellulose, starch & glycogen. Its linear form, D-glucose, has a carbonyl group at C1, forming an aldehyde, 6 carbon aldohexose reducing sugar. In humans and other mammals it occurs mainly in cyclic form as beta-D-glucopyranose (as shown in the image).

You can use our 3D Molecular Model Builder to illustrate glucose in any of its 5 forms. First choose the model style: "Orbit-flexible". Then choose which structure you want to view/build. Simply enter D-glucose or dextrose for the linear molecule, note the carbonyl at carbon 6. Enter alpha-d-glucopyranose or beta-d-glucopyranose to view 6 member rings; alpha-d-glucofuranose or beta-d-glucofuranose for 5 member rings.

Glucose is an aldose, hexose, reducing sugar whose anomeric carbon forms a hemiacetal functional group in the linear form. Cyclic forms include 2 pyranose (6 member ring) & 2 furanose (5 member ring). 

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You can also build glucose with our advanced student organic chemistry model set or the class organic chemistry model set. The class biochemistry model set builds the linear version of glucose in the Orbit x-peg style.

You can build any 6 carbon sugar ring with our AtoMag magnetic molecular model. Quickly change the position of any oxygen atom to show different structural isomers; magnetic hydrogens are optional. If you buy two, you can build any disaccharide.

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FAQ for D-Glucose Furanose Molecule Structure

Our 3D Molecular Model Builder witll show the parts needed to build it. Choose model style "Orbit-flexible" to match this kit. D-glucose (dextrose) is a linear form, alpha-d-glucopyranose & beta-d-glucopyranose will show 6 member rings; alpha-d-glucofuranose & beta-d-glucofuranose will show 5 member rings.