Graphene laminated pipes could reduce corrosion in the oil and gas industry

Graphene has recently been looked at to be more useful than before. A recent study showed that graphene had the capability for Mott insulating and superconducting behavior. Graphene is portrayed as a super-lattice with three sides like triangles unlike more common honey-comb shaped lattices. It is then suggested that these triangular lattices are superconductors and that the structures of these materials does matter. This recent discovery helps to understand the transitions from metal to Mott insulators.

Key Takeaways:

  • Pipes that regularly carry oil and gas from the sea floor incorporate a polymar lining in their construction.
  • Although the pipes have a strong steel outside layer, the extreme temperatures within can still cause gases and liquid to permeate the barrier.
  • Testers discovered that by laminating a layer of ghraphene nanoplatelets to polyamide a much better, reinforced barrier was possible.

“Researchers at The University of Manchester and TWI have discovered ways of using graphene to prolong the lifetime of pipes used in the oil and gas industry.”

Read more: https://phys.org/news/2018-08-graphene-laminated-pipes-corrosion-oil.html

Cracking the sugar code—why the ‘glycome’ is the next big thing in health and medicine

Sugar molecules within our bodies can be more powerful than we think. In fact, simple sugar molecules can link together and make powerful structures that aide in cancer, aging, and autoimmune diseases. These sugar chains are called glycans and some structures have not even been found yet which can bring many possibilities to our health world today. Glycans and new discoveries about it are important because they can help to predict the risk of diseases like rheumatoid arthritis, cancer and even food allergies.

Key Takeaways:

  • Main Street, U.S.A got the bead on DNA and genomics thanks to the Human Genome Project, finished in 2003.
  • Now a new possible map is getting buzz, having to do with glycans, or sugar chains, a field that lags 20 years behind others.
  • Glycomics, or the study of such chains, could help in predicting whether individuals are at risk for cancer, rheumatoid arthritis, or possibly even certain allergies.

“These long sugar chains that cover each of our cells are called glycans, and according to the National Academy of Sciences, creating a map of their location and structure will usher us into a new era of modern medicine.”

Read more: https://phys.org/news/2018-08-sugar-codewhy-glycome-big-health.html

Polly Gentry Heart Art: HeARTworks.

Heart Art with Insect Pins=HeARTwork!

Insect Pins+Heart Art=HeARTwork

Entomology is still the main reason our customers buy insect pins but many are artists who do visually stunning work. One of them, Polly Gentry, sent us some images of her heart art which she calls “HeARTwork” (no doubt a clever play on the words “hard work”.  See them below with Polly’s commentary.
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Carbon in colour: First-ever coloured thin films of nanotubes created

New scientific discoveries are prevalent in the new age of modern technology and advancements. The latest of these developments can be seen in a discovery made by the researchers at the Aalto University located in Finland, as they identified new ways to produce quantities of single-walled carbon nanotubes, and be able to do so in different colors. Whereas having been generally black or grey in nature, the new method allows for carbon nanotubes to be better studied.

Key Takeaways:

  • Modern touch-screen devices and other forms of electronics make regular use of one-walled carbon nanotubes.
  • These nanotubes are actually sheets of graphene, with a thickness of about 1 atom.
  • The rolled-up graphene sheets come in an array of sizes and shapes, but have been largely monochromatic black, or dark grey, until recently.

“A method developed at Aalto University, Finland, can produce large quantities of pristine single-walled carbon nanotubes in select shades of the rainbow.”

Read more: https://phys.org/news/2018-08-carbon-colour-first-ever-coloured-thin.html

How to get a good night’s sleep

One of the things that many people tend to struggle with, young and old, and no matter what background they come from, is difficulties getting a good nights sleep on a regular basis. People have trouble for an array of reasons, but there are ways that they can better their sleep. Researching methods that will help you get into a better stage of sleep and sleep easier at night is crucial to being top of your game during the day.

Key Takeaways:

  • Scientist and sleep expert Henry Nicholls believes that sleep stability, going to bed at the same time every night helps combat insomnia.
  • Nicholls also believes that tracking your sleep with a diary can also help you zero in on better sleep options.
  • Nicholls also advised to cut out caffeine and exercise a few hours before bedtime for better sleep success.

“Nicholls surveyed the latest medical research on sleep, interviewed many of the researchers involved, and underwent intense sleep therapy to treat his own condition.”

Read more: https://www.vox.com/science-and-health/2018/8/24/17670582/how-to-sleep-better-insomnia-tips-advice

Scientists cast new light on molecular behaviour

Scientist at the Institute of Chemical Science have developed a new way to observe molecules, with the particular interest being in how they react upon collision and how the energy is distributed. Sine molecules have to be in very close proximity to each other for bonds and reactions to happen, collision and the effects thereof are critical to understand. Scientist were specifically interested in molecular beams, which are found in jets of different gases, and they used lasars to guide molecules in specific directions.

Key Takeaways:

  • A groundbreaking work on events that happen after molecular collisions and subsequent energy distribution has been carried out.
  • The experiment was performed on molecules in jets of gases that are called molecular beams.
  • The results of this research will help to understand how to predict and control what happens in chemical reactions.

“A team of researchers led by Professor Matt Costen from the Institute of Chemical Sciences (ICS), have successfully made one of the most insightful tests of molecular forces ever performed.”

Read more: https://phys.org/news/2018-08-scientists-molecular-behaviour.html