How to get a good night’s sleep

One of the things that many people tend to struggle with, young and old, and no matter what background they come from, is difficulties getting a good nights sleep on a regular basis. People have trouble for an array of reasons, but there are ways that they can better their sleep. Researching methods that will help you get into a better stage of sleep and sleep easier at night is crucial to being top of your game during the day.

Key Takeaways:

  • Scientist and sleep expert Henry Nicholls believes that sleep stability, going to bed at the same time every night helps combat insomnia.
  • Nicholls also believes that tracking your sleep with a diary can also help you zero in on better sleep options.
  • Nicholls also advised to cut out caffeine and exercise a few hours before bedtime for better sleep success.

“Nicholls surveyed the latest medical research on sleep, interviewed many of the researchers involved, and underwent intense sleep therapy to treat his own condition.”

Read more: https://www.vox.com/science-and-health/2018/8/24/17670582/how-to-sleep-better-insomnia-tips-advice

Scientists cast new light on molecular behaviour

Scientist at the Institute of Chemical Science have developed a new way to observe molecules, with the particular interest being in how they react upon collision and how the energy is distributed. Sine molecules have to be in very close proximity to each other for bonds and reactions to happen, collision and the effects thereof are critical to understand. Scientist were specifically interested in molecular beams, which are found in jets of different gases, and they used lasars to guide molecules in specific directions.

Key Takeaways:

  • A groundbreaking work on events that happen after molecular collisions and subsequent energy distribution has been carried out.
  • The experiment was performed on molecules in jets of gases that are called molecular beams.
  • The results of this research will help to understand how to predict and control what happens in chemical reactions.

“A team of researchers led by Professor Matt Costen from the Institute of Chemical Sciences (ICS), have successfully made one of the most insightful tests of molecular forces ever performed.”

Read more: https://phys.org/news/2018-08-scientists-molecular-behaviour.html

Macular Degeneration Reading Magnified

Best Macular Degeneration Magnifying Glasses

What is Macular Degeneration?

Macular degeneration is the death of retinal cells responsible for fine detail and color. It is perceived as a black spot in the middle of your visual field, a sort of reverse tunnel vision. As the condition worsens, you lose your ability to read or recognize faces.

There is no cure for this affliction at present. In its early stages you can compensate  with magnifiers that are stronger than simple handheld round readers. Continue reading

Evolution in Perspective

NASA confirms the presence of ice at the moon’s poles

If you’ve ever dreamed that humans could one day call the moon home, it would appear that NASA has a data update that could support that dream. NASA has confirmed that there is water and ice on the surface of our orbiting globe, that could one day be harvested for humans. The ice deposits were discovered on the moon’s poles by instruments on board India’s space vessel, Chandrayaan-1. The ice pockets are far from the light of the sun, thriving in darkness. Earlier probes were able to surmise their existence. But, the Indian vessel is the first to send actual data from observation. The instruments of the spacecraft noted the reflection and also the way that the article’s molecules absorbed infrared light, thereby proving that the water was frozen. It actually stands to reason that these areas would house frozen water, as the poles never get sunlight and are subject to temperatures of -250 degrees.

Key Takeaways:

  • Because the moon’s poles never experience sunlight, it stands to reason that there would be frozen water on them.
  • Because of the lack of direct sunlight and darkness, the poles do not warm up over -250 degrees.
  • The very first observable evidence of this frozen water came from the Indian space vessel, Chandrayaan-1.

“There’s water ice on the surface of the moon, a team of scientists has confirmed, and future expeditions could harvest it for human settlements.”

Read more: https://www.engadget.com/2018/08/21/nasa-confirms-ice-moon-poles/

The hunt for the nearly undetectable neutrino is taking place deep underground

There are a bunch of things that have not be detected that are living underground. It is hard to know what exactly is down there. There are so many different things that can be down there and it is up to scientists to figure that out. The curiosity that stems from these people is absolutely incredible because no one else seems to worry about these issues. Therefore, with these brilliant minds searching, they will definitely find something.

Key Takeaways:

  • There are so many things that are placed, and living, underground in the Earth.
  • The curious people that run these expeditions into the core of the Earth are so important.
  • Being able to think critically and understand that there is so much we do not know is important.

“Across the globe, miles beneath mountains, under polar ice caps, and below the ocean are massive facilities filled with sensitive and obscure instruments.”

Read more: https://bigthink.com/matt-davis/the-hunt-for-the-nearly-undetectable-neutrino-is-taking-place-deep-underground

Scientists discover how to convert type A and B blood into universal donor type O

Anyone who has ever been to a blood drive knows that those that are type O are the rock stars of the event. While A negative types may be exotic and interesting and O is a lot more common, so perhaps not so alluring, there is the fact that O is compatible with all types. This makes O the universal donor. Well, it turns out that now those with O may have to give up their rock star status. But, it’s for an excellent cause. Because, now scientists may be able to take any blood, even an exotic AB negative type and make it compatible for anyone. How? A bacterial enzyme may have the key. Blood types come from antigens. Type O people are lacking antigens, making them universally usable by all. Scientists recently discovered that enzymes harvested from human guts may be able to eliminate antigens from blood, making all blood types essentially type O. Turns out the enzymes are great at breaking down sugar. Turns out too that antigens are sugary. So, far this is all theory, but it is compelling and could mean a giant breakthrough in blood availability.

Key Takeaways:

  • Four basic blood groups exist and each has their associated antigens except for blood group O.
  • Because blood group O doesn’t have antigens, it is called the universal donor. That means the other types AB, A and B can accept blood in this group.
  • To convert type AB, A and B to type O, the sugary antigens in the blood have to be broken down.

“Scientists may have found a reliable way to use a bacterial enzyme to convert any type of blood into type O, which is compatible with nearly everyone.”

Read more: https://bigthink.com/stephen-johnson/scientists-use-gut-bacteria-to-convert-any-blood-into-type-o

Bonus-Freebies

We have 2 electron micrograph images of blood that you are free to download and use in presentations, notes, term papers. We only ask that if you edit out our logo that you at least give us a mention.

A) White blood cell surrounded by red blood cells. SEM image.
B) Red blood cells captured in cross section of vein. TEM image.