Mosasaurs 101 | National Geographic

The time periods of where things like Mosasaurs existed is absolutely insane. The amount of information about this time period keeps getting higher and higher as time goes on. Scientists have more access to a lot of different information and as a result, new findings are coming out. Technology is making it easier to be able to tell how old something is and how long it has been around for. That is why National Geographic is so special.

Key Takeaways:

  • Some people believe these kind of stories to be myth and completely fabricated by scientists.
  • In today’s world, there are a lot of things that we already know about the past.
  • National Geographic is an incredible resource to use to learn more about the pre-historic times.

“Mosasaurs were Earth’s last great marine reptiles. Learn about the surprising places they’d hunt, how some species dwarfed even the Tyrannosaurus rex, and how key physical adaptations allowed these reptiles to become a prehistoric apex predator.”

Read more: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WRQ-RSNImIM

An Ancient Case of the Plague Could Rewrite History

The remains of a women from thousands of years ago turned up in Sweden. The scientists that discovered her found some really interesting things from the skeletal remains. Sure, her DNA was present within the teeth and bones but one of the most telling things was that there was a bacteria present that had a lot to do with the plague during that time period. Now, scientists are saying that the plague could have originated in Europe based on the findings in the teeth.

Key Takeaways:

  • When the DNA of a Swedish woman who lived 4,900 years ago, it was found that among other things, it contained traces of the plague bacteria, Yersinia pestis.
  • The new find would make scientist believe that rather than originating in Asia, the plague originally originated in Europe.
  • When people die from the plague, their blood contains Yersinia pestis bacteria, which is deposited in the dental pulp. This was the reason for the results.

“The plague is known to have swept through Europe in later times—most infamously as the Black Death during the Middle Ages.”

Read more: https://www.theatlantic.com/science/archive/2018/12/4900-year-old-case-plague-sweden/577315/

How rare minerals form when meteorites slam into Earth

When meteorites slam into the Earth, there are many implications and things that happen. Scientists do not want this to happen again but in the past, this has definitely happened in the solar system. Space is a crazy place and it is something that not many people can understand. However, when these meteorites are deemed to having slammed into Earth, there are a lot of rare minerals that are formed around the globe. It has been proven to be true.

Key Takeaways:

  • There are so many different theories over what meteorites bring to Earth when they hit.
  • Some people make it their life’s work to know, and to learn, about what is in space.
  • There are plenty of things out there that are impossible to understand when it comes to space.

“Only six prior discoveries of reidite had ever been reported.”

Read more: http://theconversation.com/how-rare-minerals-form-when-meteorites-slam-into-earth-105129

How Your Eyes Make Sense of the World | National Geographic

Everyone sees the world in a different way. It is something that is difficult to explain but everyone has their own goals in life and as a result, they see things differently. When your mind sees something, it warps the perception of it to fit into what you are thinking that it is. That is the beauty of eyes and how they work with our brain. If your brain cannot make something out, it does not matter what your eyes see.

Key Takeaways:

  • The way that you see all of the things that happen on this Earth is different than other people.
  • Everyone has their own way of seeing things and interpreting what they have actually seen.
  • Sight is one of the great phenomenons in the entire world and all species have a way to trigger it.

“In the latest video from Decoder, learn some of the extraordinary science behind how your eyes and brain work together to perceive the world around you.”

Read more: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hsh2kPdgazo

Some of this year’s best microscopy images

Utilizing multiple exposures when paired with productive lighting and exposure can produce beautiful microscopy images that will undoubtedly hold your attention. Companies such as Nikon manufacture high-end lenses that have the ability to capture these images with the use of multi exposure technology. The result ends up being a fascinating image with vibrant colors and designs that could captivate even those who are typically not interested in technical art. Knowing the artistry that is behind microscopy images just adds to the fascination.

Key Takeaways:

  • If you are looking for a particular camera that has a great lens, do your research.
  • Understand that some cameras just simply do not have the capability to see very small things.
  • If you are someone who is a scientist, or a photographer, you know the importance of a good camera.

“While most of you may know Nikon as a camera company, microscopy is a sibling of photography in many ways beyond the involvement of high-end lenses. While it might not matter for scientific purposes, a compelling microscope image depends on things like composition, lighting, exposure, and more. And these days, both fields rely heavily on post-processing.”

Read more: https://arstechnica.com/science/2018/10/the-beauty-of-small-things-a-sampling-of-microscopy-contest-winners/

Evolution in Perspective

Surprising behavior of bees during total solar eclipses discovered

Animal behaviorists made a startling discovery during the 2017 total eclipse. Although reports existed prior to 2017, all suggesting that bee activity was known to lull during periods of eclipse, the scientists wanted to experience the phenomenon for themselves and discover to what extent the bees stopped their normal activities. Researchers from the University of Missouri recruited teachers, students and other willing citizens to be their ears via several acoustic stations across Oregon, Idaho and Missouri. The stations originally set up to track pollination were adapted so that recruiters could listen in on the bee activity. What the research team discovered was that with the commencement of the eclipse the bees abruptly stopped buzzing altogether. Since buzzing is the sound that indicates the bees’ wings are in motion, it naturally follows that the bees had stopped moving.

Key Takeaways:

  • According to a team of scientists, bees stopped flying and buzzing completely during the total solar eclipse of 2017.
  • While the researchers did expect the bees’ activity to decrease, none of them thought that the bees would cease doing everything.
  • The team concluded that the environment of complete darkness caused the bees’ strange behavioral response.

“Case in point – researchers just demonstrated the existence of a strange phenomenon, proving that during the solar eclipse of August 21st, 2017, bees did not buzz at all.”

Read more: https://bigthink.com/surprising-science/strangely-bees-completely-stop-buzzing-during-the-last-eclipse